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The term "Kaddish" is often used to refer specifically to "The Mourner's Kaddish", said as part of the mourning rituals in Judaism in all prayer services, as well as at funerals (other than at the gravesite, see Qaddish aḥar Haqqəvurah "Qaddish after Burial") and memorials, and for 11 months after the death of a close relative.
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co.
, qaddiš "holy"; alternative spellings: ḳaddish) is a hymn of praises to God found in Jewish prayer services.
Mourners say Kaddish to show that despite the loss they still praise God.
The opening words of this prayer are inspired by Ezekiel , a vision of God becoming great in the eyes of all the nations.
בני אדם (bnai adam) literally means "son of adam" or "son of man" but in Hebrew usage the phrase is taken to mean "human." The British usage above, then would be to invoke peace on all humankind, rather than on sons of children or descendants of Adam.
The Kaddish, as used in the services on special days is chanted.
The Kaddish at the end of the service became designated as Kaddish Yatom or Mourner's Kaddish (literally, "Orphan's Kaddish").
All versions of the Kaddish begin with the Hatzi Kaddish (there are some extra passages in the Kaddish after a burial or a siyum).
Along with the Shema Yisrael and Amidah, the Kaddish is one of the most important and central elements in the Jewish liturgy. Along with some prayers, it can only be recited with a minyan of ten Jews.
Most of it is written in Aramaic, which, at the time of its original composition, was the lingua franca of the Jewish people.
Masekhet Soferim, an eighth-century compilation of Jewish laws regarding the preparation of holy books and public reading, states (Chapter 10:7) that Kaddish may be recited only in the presence of a minyan (at least 10 men).Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating