Dating stages discovery stage

In stage IVB, cancer has spread to (c) other parts of the body, such as the lung, liver, or bone.

Different types of treatment are available for patients with bladder cancer.

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Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials.

A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for patients with cancer.

It is important to know the stage in order to plan treatment.

The following tests and procedures may be used in the staging process: The metastatic tumor is the same type of cancer as the primary tumor.

Some clinical trials are open only to patients who have not started treatment.

After the doctor removes all the cancer that can be seen at the time of the surgery, some patients may be given chemotherapy after surgery to kill any cancer cells that are left.

The urine is stored in the bladder until it leaves the body through the urethra.

Cancer that is in the lining of the bladder is called superficial bladder cancer.

Cancer that has spread through the lining of the bladder and invades the muscle wall of the bladder or has spread to nearby organs and lymph nodes is called invasive bladder cancer.

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